Djibouti Jīibūutīi, Somali: Jabuuti), officially the Republic of Djibouti, is a country in the Horn of Africa. Djibouti is bordered by Eritrea in the north, Ethiopia in the west and south, and Somalia in the southeast. The remainder of the border is formed by the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden. On the other side of the Red Sea, on the Arabian Peninsula, 20 kilometres (12 mi) from the coast of Djibouti, is Yemen. The capital of Djibouti is the city of Djibouti.
The history of Djibouti is recorded in poetry and songs of its nomadic people and goes back thousands of years to a time when Djiboutians traded hides and skins for the perfumes and spices of ancient Egypt, India, and China. Through close contacts with the Arabian peninsula for more than 1,000 years, the Somali and Afar tribes in this region became among the first on the African continent to accept Islam.
- Main article: History of Djibouti
French interest developed in the nineteenth century when the area was ruled by the sultan of Raheita, Tadjoura and Gobaad. The French purchased the anchorage of Obock in 1862 and expanded it eventually to a colony called French Somaliland with essentially the current boundaries. In 1967 the area became the French overseas territory of the Afars and the Issas.
The Republic of Djibouti gained its independence from France on June 27, 1977. Djibouti is a Somali, Arab and Islamic country which regularly takes part in Islamic affairs as well as Arab meetings.
Regions and districts
Djibouti is divided into 5 regions and one city. It is further subdivided into 11 districts.
- Main articles: Regions of Djibouti and Districts of Djibouti
The regions and city are:
- · Ali Sabieh Region (Region d'Ali Sabieh)
- · Arta Region (Region d'Arta)
- · Dikhil Region (Region de Dikhil)
- · Djibouti (city) (Ville de Djibouti)
- · Obock Region (Region d'Obock)
- · Tadjourah Region (Region de Tadjourah